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TURKEY: IZMIR (ΣΜΥΡΝΗ) & the Historic KADIFEKALE CASTLE, built by ALEXANDER THE GREAT 🏰

TURKEY: IZMIR (ΣΜΥΡΝΗ) & the Historic KADIFEKALE CASTLE, built by ALEXANDER THE GREAT 🏰

SUBSCRIBE: – Let’s go visit the beautiful and very historic Kadifekale Castle which lies on a mountain in the center of the city of Izmir in Turkey. The summit where the castle is found is located at a distance of about 2 km from the shoreline and commands a general view of a large part of the city of İzmir, as well as of the Gulf of İzmir.

The first recorded defensive walls built here was the work of Lysimachos, a “successor” (diadochus) of Alexander the Great. The construction of the fort was associated with Alexander’s re-foundation of Smyrna, moving it from Old Smyrna on a mound in the southeastern corner of the inner gulf where only a few thousand people could be accommodated. This move for the location of a new and larger city gained fame in a legend told by Pausanias, according to which Alexander, during a rest after hunting under a plane tree near the sanctuary on the hill of the two Nemeseis worshipped by the Smyrneans, was approached during his sleep by the goddesses who bade him found a city on that very spot, transferring to it the inhabitants of the earlier site.
Izmir is a city on Turkey’s Aegean coast. Known as Smyrna in antiquity, it was founded by the Greeks, taken over by the Romans and rebuilt by Alexander the Great before becoming part of the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. Today, its expansive archaeological sites include the Roman Agora of Smyrna, now an open-air museum. The hilltop Kadifekale, or Velvet Castle, built during Alexander’s reign, overlooks the city.
Turkey is a nation straddling eastern Europe and western Asia with cultural connections to ancient Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman empires. Cosmopolitan Istanbul, on the Bosphorus Strait, is home to the iconic Hagia Sophia, with its soaring dome and Christian mosaics, the massive 17th-century Blue Mosque and the circa-1460 Topkapı Palace, former home of sultans. Ankara is Turkey’s modern capital.
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Vic Stefanu, vstefanu@yahoo.com.

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